Dear Crompond Fourth Graders -
Imagine you Have to Make a Dangerous Ride Like Sibyl Ludington Did in April of 1777. Write a one-page Letter Telling All About it to a Friend. Make a video of your self reading your letter and share it with your teacher and class.
Remember, it was cold with a dismal rain falling. When you came to houses of the men your father needed for his Militia, they were surprised and afraid. You were afraid of being attacked. There were Red Coats, guards at Roger Morris’s house, and Cow-Boys drinking rum!
How did you feel when it was over?
How did you feel when you met George Washington?
Please add to your story three "Revolutionary Words and Idioms" list on the right. The words are on the left. What they mean comes after =.
Writing Prompt #2 The French in Your Backyard in 1782
Pretend you are living in Crompond in September 1782. French soldiers are camped on your family farm.
They wear colorful uniforms, speak a little English, and may sing strange songs. They may eat odd foods and want firewood.
What do you think of them?
Pretend you know the farmer who tried to have the French General Rochambeau arrested for stealing trees for firewood.
Write a letter telling a friend about the French soldiers. Tell about how you tried to stop the farmer from making the French pay for the wood. Remember how the French helped the Americans after the Battle of Saratoga, in 1777, and Crompond in 1782.
FACTS ABOUT SYBIL & THE FRENCH ...
~ There is nothing written down from 1777 about Sybil Ride. We know about Sybil’s Ride from the “Oral Tradition” or storytelling. Sybil told about her ride all through her life.
~ On April 25th, 1777 the British General Tryon sailed ships from New York City to attack the American supply depot in Danbury, Connecticut. He marched 1,500 Redcoats or Regular British Army soldiers from Westport CT north to Danbury.
They burned some houses of American “Rebels.” Rebels called themselves
~ The British took these supplies found in Danbury from the Americans.
Here is a list they what the British took from the Americans, written after the battle, in 1777. This is a primary source.
"---a quantity of ordnance stores with iron, etc.
4000 barrels of beef and pork; 100 large tierces of biscuits;
89 barrels of rice; 120 puncheons of rum;
several large stores of wheat, oats, and Indian corn, in bulk, the quantity hereof could not be ascertained;
30 pipes of wine; 100 hogsheads of sugar; 50 ditto “ of molasses;
20 casks of coffee; 15 large casks filled with medicines of all kinds;
10 barrels of saltpeter; 1020 tents and marquees; a number of iron boilers; a large quantity of hospital bedding; engineers', pioneers' and carpenters' tools; a printing press complete; tar; tallow, etc.;
5000 pairs of shoes and stockings.”
~ “Nineteen houses were burned, as was the meeting of the Danbury Society, and twenty-two stores and barns with all their contents”
~ Here is a report from a journal written in 1777 about some American “Tories” acted in Danbury. Tories were Americans loyal to the King. This is also a primary source.
"The drunken men went up and down Main Street in squads, singing army songs, shouting coarse speeches, hugging each other, swearing, yelling, and otherwise conducting themselves as becomes an invader when he is very, very drunk.”
~ Colonel Henry Ludington, lead the 7th Dutchess County Militia. A Militia were men who would come to fight when needed. They were not full time paid soldiers. They were farmers, blacksmiths, wheelwrights, carpenters, shopkeepers, teachers, and lawyers.
~There were about 400 men listed in Ludington’s Dutchess County Militia.
~ In 1777 it would have been very dangerous for a woman to ride alone at night. Sibyl's father may have disguised his daughter as a young man, so she would not get in trouble.
~There were dangers like drunk men, soldiers, Cow-Boys and Skinners. Cow-Boys stole for the British. Skinners stole things for the Americans. They would fight each other.
~ In April of 1775 forty-year-old Paul Revere rode about 16 miles outside of Boston, MA warning, “The Regulars are coming!” He told many, including John Hancock. The Redcoats stole his horse.
~ In April of 1775, Sixteen-year-old Sybil Ludington rode about 40 miles in Dutchess and Putnam Counties, NY warning “Danbury is Burning!” She got hundreds of Militiamen to go with her father to fight at Ridgefield CT.
~ When Sybil was 76 part of her story was written down. She wanted to get a pension, or money her old age. U.S. government was giving pensions to people who could prove they fought in the American Revolution. Sybil said she “helped” her father’s regiment, 7th Dutchess County Militia. The government turned her down. She could not prove she was married!
Here is the first thing written about Sibyl's Ride in 1880. Not a primary source.
“One who even now rides from Carmel to Cold Spring will find rugged and dangerous roads, with lonely stretches. There is no extravagance in comparing her ride with that of Paul Revere and its midnight message. Nor was her errand less efficient than his. By daybreak, thanks to her daring, nearly the whole regiment was mustered before her father’s house at Fredericksburgh.”
Revolutionary Words and Idioms to Add To Your Story
Advertisement - notice of an event
Artist - an expert at a trade - surveying artist, sail artist, wood artist
Agitate = to discuss and debate
Body Boots and Britches = The whole thing
Black Jack = a leather drinking cup, with tar on the outside
Bodkin = a small dagger, a knife
Bohea = Cheap China tea
Blueskin = a true rebel for the American Revolution
Bossloper = Someone who lives deep in the woods, a hick
Cap a pie = from head to foot, your whole body
Cookie = Dutch baked treat, also snickerdoodle
Crupper = a horse’s rump
Crump = crunchy
Dorp = Dutch for village, also Wyck,
Doodle = a simple person, with a head of dead wood. Sometimes a drunk.
Fancy = Liking to
Fetch= to find
Freak = a whim or prank
Go soak yer head = Get lost!
Gimm -spruced up, neat
Give joy = to show you feel for someone by listening to their problems
House of easement= a privy, a necessary, the bathroom
Humble Pie = a pie made of deer liver, kidney and heart
Jan Kaes - This was the Dutch nickname for the English. The Dutch called the English “John Cheese” for all their men named John and all the smelly cheese they ate.
Johnny Cake = breakfast corn bread, also ‘Journey Cakes’
Jump up and bite, and see what you’ll hang to! = I dare you!
Kill = Dutch for Stream
Knickerbocker = marble-baker a nick name for Dutch New Yorkers,
Linsey-woolsey = cloth made from linen and wool
Luffee = a sweetheart, a love
Mind yer own bees wax = Mind your own business
Makin’ more noise than a boatload of calves on the Hudson = LOUD
Macaroni = a fop, a dandy, a fancy dressed young man
Olykoeck = a ring of sweet Dutch dough cooked in lard, like a donut
Poltroon = a coward
Pray = to ask, to beg
Purgatory = a narrow valley
Ride Rusty = to be Stubborn
Riding Hood = a cloak women wore when horse riding
Skilts = a short pants, reaching just below the knee, & baggy
Shad Skinny = Very thin
Skipper = Dutch for ship commander,
Sloop = Dutch sailing ship for the Hudson
Stoop = Dutch for sitting step
Shucks!= Too bad
Sir, Ma’m= always address adults this way, M’am is short for Madame
St. Anthony’s Meal = no meal at all
Teeter totter = Dutch for seesaw
to go snips= to share with someone
Tithe of mint and cumin = an unimportant detail
tale of a tub = a made up story, a fib
Watch your waters = to keep an eye on someone
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